Growth in Latin America: Invest in Peru
Updated: Mar 2
Peru is classified as a developing economy by most economists, meaning that it entails greater risk than developed economies like the United States, European Union or Canada. But the classification can also be beneficial because developing economies typically have more room for upside and experience greater economic growth rates than possible in developed nations.
Today, Peru has a more diversified economy thanks to a stable and globalized economic-monetary policy established by its government in order to attract greater foreign investment.
Even Peru has gaps of investment mainly in the infrastructure, energy and telecommunications sector, which foreign investors can make the most of.
These are principles on which the promotion of investing in Peru is based:
Foreign and local investors have the same rights over their investment.
No restrictions or specific requirement to foreign investment in the vast majority of economic activities.
Foreign investment does not need prior authorization from the Government.
Transfer of capital investment freely.
There is an authority responsible for promoting private investment in Peru. This is the agency Proinversión.
Investors may enter into stability agreement with the Government to guarantee for a ten-year period the current income tax regime in force at the time of subscription.
Stability of monetary policy: total absence of exchange control; foreign currencies could be acquired or sold freely at whatever exchange rate of the market offers and funds can be remitted abroad without prior authorization.
Guarantee of private property.
Royalties and dividends resulting from the investment can be remitted abroad freely.
And the most important precepts that make different the Peruvian accounting environment are the next ones:
In Peru, the Financial Statements must be prepared in accordance with peruvian GAAP. The Consejo Normativo de Contabilidad (CNC) has established that these are IAS and IFRS.
Only public companies, who has issued debt or whose share is listed on stock market exchange (Lima Stock Exchange) are obliged to submit audited financial information.
The Financial Statements must be signed by a Chartered Public Accountant.
The Tax Administration (SUNAT) establishes minimum requirements for the preparation of Official Accounting Books. Its printing and legalization are mandatory.
Consolidated Financial Statements are mandatory when the company owns more than 50% of the voting rights of another company, with some exceptions.
In Peru there are three types of taxes - Indirect, Direct and Municipal - and you have to consider that transfer pricing operations must be supported in accordance with SUNAT requirements. This is applicable to transactions between related companies and with companies located in tax havens.
Since year 2019:
Electronic invoicing will be mandatory only for companies of the banking and insurance and HORECA sector (hotels, restaurants and cafeterias).
The withholding tax for “non-domiciled” subjects will be made at the time of payment of the invoice.
Taxes paid abroad can be deducted in the fiscal period in which they are generated according to the principle of Foreign Source Income applied by the Peruvian Income Tax Law (PITL).
Taxpayers can deduct 150% or 175% of expenses incurred in projects related to scientific research, technological development and technological innovation.
Companies in pre-operational phase of large projects can request early recovery of VAT before starting operations.
Foreign investors can apply double taxation agreements in order to avoid that the same income pays taxes in one or more countries at the same time. Currently there are agreements with: The Andean Community (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru), Chile, Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Switzerland, South Korea and Portugal. The agreement to avoid double taxation with Spain is pending of approval.
Contribution to social security, equivalent to 9% of monthly salary for each worker.