South America’s potential in the global energetic matrix transformation.
As the world faces increasing concerns about climate change and environmental degradation, the urgent need to transition towards sustainable and zero-emission energy solutions becomes evident. One of the key strategies in this transformation is the integration of solar energy as one of the main types of energetic harvesting. However, the viability of solar power is heavily dependent on effective battery and electrical storage technologies. In this article, we explore the significance of solar energy in achieving the zero-emission goal by 2050, which was adopted in the Paris treaty. Additionally, we discuss the role of energy storage solutions in ensuring the successful implementation of solar power.
The Rise of Solar Energy
In recent years, solar energy has emerged as a leading renewable energy source, playing a pivotal role in reducing carbon emissions and mitigating the adverse effects of fossil fuels. Unlike conventional energy generation methods that rely on burning fossil fuels, solar energy harnesses the sun’s abundant and inexhaustible energy through photovoltaic (PV) cells or solar thermal systems. This clean and sustainable approach to electricity generation makes it a cornerstone in the journey towards a zero-emission future.
The advantages of Solar Energy are its abundance and accessibility, its reduced carbon footprint and its scalability; Solar power systems can be tailored to fit various scales, from small residential installations to large utility-scale solar farms.
Energy Storage: The Missing Link
While solar energy holds immense potential as a clean energy source, its intermittent nature poses challenges for its integration into the grid. The sun’s availability fluctuates throughout the day and is affected by weather patterns, resulting in varying energy output. To ensure a reliable and stable energy supply, electrical storage technologies, especially batteries, play a crucial role.
As the world strives to achieve the zero-emission goal by 2050, the electrical matrix transformation powered by clean energy and energy storage technologies will be instrumental in realizing this vision. Investments in research and development are crucial to improving energy storage technologies, making them more efficient, affordable, and scalable. Additionally, supportive policies and incentives are necessary to encourage widespread adoption of solar power and energy storage solutions.
Paraguay and the Mercosur Region’s Potential
The MERCOSUR (Southern Common Market) free trade agreement is a regional economic integration initiative among South American countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, with associate members such as Bolivia and Chile. It eliminates tariffs and trade barriers, facilitates market access, and establishes common rules and regulations to foster a more integrated and competitive regional market. It also encourages cooperation in areas such as agriculture, energy, industry, and technology.
The MERCOSUR region has the largest amount of lithium in the world, considering that Argentina, Bolivia, and Chile are three of the countries with the highest reserves of this material worldwide.
Paraguay’s Maquila Regime
Through this regime, investors can introduce goods, products, or services to the country in order to be assembled, repaired, improved, worked, or processed for subsequent export, once the added value is made.
Tax aspects and benefits
Maquila Unique Tribute consists of a Single Tax regime of 1% on the value-added in the national territory. With the exception of the Single Maquila Tax and the tax treatment established by the Law for sales in the domestic market, the Maquila Contract and the activities carried out in its execution are exempt from any other tax, such as Value Added Tax (VAT), suspension on import duties, and exemption from paying any tax on dividend remittances abroad.
These factors, combined with the international context, such as the Paris Agreement, the tax incentives adopted by many countries in the world to shift their energy matrix, and the trade tensions between China and the United States, make Paraguay, with one of the most competitive salary ranges in the world, access to natural resources, qualified human talent, and an enormous installed capacity within the Mercosur region, a unique alternative to produce lithium batteries for commercialization in the Americas.
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